AD is the most common form of eczema and is closely linked with asthma and allergic rhinitis (eczema, asthma, and allergic rhinitis make up the atopic triad). It can affect both children and adults, usually running in families. One of the most common symptoms of AD is itching (pruritus), which can be almost unbearable. Other symptoms include dryness of the skin, redness and inflammation. Constant scratching can also cause the skin to split, leaving it prone to infection. In infected AD the skin may crack and weep and develop pustules.


Hand eczema, or hand dermatitis, describes any type of eczema that develops on the hands. Hand eczema is commonly job-related and can be made worse by factors including frequent hand washing and exposure to chemicals. Hand eczema may require specific testing and treatment. It may cause itchy, dry, scaly patches of skin that crack and flake. This can occur acutely but may also be a condition referred to as chronic hand eczema (CHE) or chronic hand dermatitis (CHD). Hand eczema, and CHE can profoundly affect everyday living and one’s quality of life. Chronic hand eczema may not respond to traditional eczema management strategies such as frequent moisturizing, protecting the hands, and topical prescription treatments, and the appropriate treatment plan will depend on a number of factors.


  • Allergic Contact Dermatitis
  • Irritant Contact Dermatitis
  • Infantile Seborrheic
  • Adult Seborrheic
  • Varicose
  • Discoid